Belarus is the most recent nation to make use of migrants as pawns. The West is responsible, too.

126

Typically, nevertheless, these strikes deepened home issues in transit and origin nations, as some migrants traded rafts for squalid international jails. An Related Press investigation in 2019 discovered large sums of European cash had been “diverted to intertwined networks of militiamen, traffickers and coast guard members who exploit migrants.” In some circumstances, the report mentioned, U.N. officers knew that militia networks — which have been accused of torture, extortion and abuse in detention facilities that some have likened to focus camps — have been getting the cash. Final yr, Italy threatened to withhold growth help from Tunisia if it didn’t agree on a plan to stem migration. In Niger, France allegedly financed a former insurgent chief to regulate migrant flows, “prioritizing its need to cease migration over Niger’s nationwide safety curiosity.”