The decline of Indian tennis from pre-eminence to its lowest ebb


A sport as soon as so integral to the nation’s psyche is observing an existential disaster. How did it come to this?

Within the final two years, Sumit Nagal has been central to all three tales in Indian males’s tennis that has bought the followers most excited. On his Grand Slam debut on the 2019 US Open, he took a set off Roger Federer and have become the toast of the nation.

A 12 months later in New York, he turned the primary Indian in seven years (since Somdev Devvarman on the 2013 US Open) to win a singles match at a Main. On the Tokyo 2020 Olympics, he turned the primary Indian in 25 years (since Leander Paes at Atlanta 1996) to win a singles match on the quadrennial extravaganza.

What Nagal managed was certainly praiseworthy. However how did a sport so integral to the Indian psyche just a few many years in the past, which produced Grand Slam singles semifinalists, had gamers within the top-20s and 30s and reached the Davis Cup finals thrice scale back itself to exulting after routine, run-of-the-mill successes?

Not a fairly image

India presently has no males’s singles participant within the top-150 and Nagal’s first spherical look on the Australian Open – courtesy a wild card – was the lone Main predominant draw singles match that includes an Indian. It not too long ago misplaced a Davis Cup Group I (tier II) match to an unheralded Finland. One other loss subsequent 12 months will relegate it to tier III, a sorry state of affairs.



Amongst girls, Ankita Raina has achieved nicely to enter the doubles top-100, win a WTA Tour-level trophy and have in a number of Grand Slam predominant attracts. However to this present day, Sania Mirza’s No.27 stays the perfect singles rating achieved by somebody representing India and that got here greater than 14 years in the past. Nobody else has even cracked the top-100.

There was success in doubles with the likes of Leander Paes, Mahesh Bhupathi, Rohan Bopanna and Sania herself successful Majors. However on a world scale, a nation’s prowess is measured solely on singles performances and as one famous coach put it, “there gained’t be a participant who picks up a racquet saying he’s going to be World No.1 in doubles.”

“You’re feeling like you’re very alone if you end up making an attempt to make it from India,” says Somdev Devvarman, whose career-high rating of No.62 (2011) continues to be the perfect amongst males after Ramesh Krishnan’s No.23 (1985). “When it comes to assist techniques, it’s a extremely lonely place. It’s getting more durable and more durable [to break through] internationally, and on the similar time different Asian international locations, small European international locations are doing issues proper and we aren’t. The trouble is extremely particular person right here and if it’s that manner, it’s going to be a tricky highway.”

Deficiencies uncovered

Worldwide, tennis gamers excel when there’s a sturdy dwelling circuit comprising each ATP Challenger and ITF Futures tournaments, satisfactory monetary assist, sponsorships, good teaching and health programmes. In India, every of those is a wrestle. To make certain, these are issues that predate COVID-19 and the pandemic has simply ruthlessly uncovered the deficiencies.

From a excessive of 5 Challenger tournaments in 2014, India hosted 4 in 2015, three in 2018 and two in 2019. Final 12 months, it had one and the present 12 months will go and not using a single Challenger. Even the ATP 250 tour occasion, a close to certainty for twenty years throughout Chennai and Pune, wasn’t held this 12 months due to COVID-19 and it appears to be like set to overlook its 2022 date too.

“We’d like a system from the grassroots, teaching, assist…none of which we actually have. However even when all these issues didn’t exist, if we had 20 odd tournaments a 12 months, folks will discover a solution to succeed,” says Prajnesh Gunneswaran, India’s top-ranked singles participant at 164.

“Multiple Tour occasion (ATP 250), I believe Challengers and Futures will make an even bigger influence. Who’ve been the fellows attending to play the ATP 250? Myself, Sumit, Ramkumar [Ramanathan]. We might probably play Tour occasions at many locations. However are [Sidharth] Rawat (No. 566) and Sasikumar Mukund (No. 392) enjoying them? How do they get that publicity?”

The Italy instance

What Italy has achieved might be instructive. Within the final full season earlier than the pandemic, Italy hosted 18 Challengers, of which Italians gained eight, together with two by a younger Jannik Sinner. Between 2018 and 2019, Italy was capable of double the variety of gamers within the top-100, from 4 to eight.

In the identical interval, Sinner – who additionally gained two ITF World Tour Degree tournaments (Futures) at dwelling in early 2019 – jumped from World No. 763 to World No. 78. He went on to win the ATP Subsequent Gen match – additionally held in Italy – and is now World No.14. Italy presently has 9 gamers within the top-100.

“The benefit of getting so many Challengers is that the federation has the wild playing cards and 4 or 5 younger Italians will play the principle draw at each match,” says Paolo Lorenzi, a former top-50 participant.

“They watch different gamers, practise with them and it helps. A type of, [Matteo] Berrettini, is now within the top-10. In India, there was the ATP 250, one Challenger in Bengaluru and one in Pune. However in Italy we now have like 20 which suggests 20 probabilities!”

Even in Spain and France, the tales are related. In 2019, Spain carried out seven Challengers and had 5 dwelling winners. France organised 15 and noticed seven winners. By the top of 2019, France, Spain and Italy had probably the most gamers within the year-end top-100 with 12, 10 and eight respectively.

On the KPIT MSLTA Challenger that ran for six straight years from 2014 to 2019 in Pune, Yuki Bhambri gained the title twice and Prajnesh completed runner-up twice and Ramkumar Ramanathan as soon as. The primary two editions of the $162,000 Bengaluru Open in 2017 and 2018 noticed Indian winners, Nagal and Prajnesh. The latter, unsurprisingly, reached a profession excessive No.75 in April 2019.

“If you happen to do nicely at dwelling, you’ll have the arrogance to consider enjoying related tournaments overseas,” says Ankita Bhambri, India’s Billie Jean King Cup (erstwhile Fed Cup) coach.

“I bear in mind enjoying an ITF 25okay and a 50okay occasion in Delhi and one other metropolis. It gave me the arrogance so as to add a 75okay in Spain and hope to do nicely. I used to be rather more assured and I truly certified for it. I’ll have by no means been capable of do it if I did not have these tournaments in India.”

Crippling burden

The monetary burden of getting to journey overseas for each match might be crippling. It brings with it the stress of getting to do nicely in practically each match simply to cowl the prices.

“If you wish to play at a very good stage, you would possibly want round 30 lakh rupees per 12 months,” says 26-year-old Niki Poonacha, ranked No. 784. “It additionally is dependent upon the area you play in, Europe or Asia, with or and not using a coach.”

“However it’s essential attain a minimum of the semifinals to interrupt even and have some 10okay or 20okay in hand. That’s massive stress. It’s a must to all the time play with the long run in thoughts. Everyone is human. Even if you’re very powerful mentally, there would be the odd event when you’ll ask if it’s even value it.”

That sort of assist could also be exhausting to come back by in India. Governments, personal funding our bodies and sports activities foundations appear singularly focussed on growing the medal rely at multi-sport occasions just like the Olympics and Asian Video games. Tennis doesn’t present as many medals as taking pictures or athletics and continues to be predominantly a person sport.

Sunil Yajaman, joint-secretary of the Karnataka State Garden Tennis Affiliation that conducts the Bengaluru Open, feels that governing our bodies, and prestigious golf equipment which have lengthy patronised tennis, ought to take the lead within the sport’s improvement.

“For the $162,000 Challenger we conduct, our finances will likely be round three crore rupees. Reaching out to corporates will likely be powerful as a result of all companies are pressured now. It will assist if the Nationwide federation and State associations create a corpus, and begin packaging and advertising and marketing the match nicely. If that’s achieved, holding Futures tournaments should not be powerful in any respect.”

“It will likely be nice if the Central authorities can earmark a finances for conducting worldwide occasions, not only for tennis, however for all sports activities. We’re not right here to make cash from the tournaments. It is going to assist the game. The federal government needn’t fund the entire of it. Even 30% to 40% will likely be of immense assist.”

Maintaining with the instances

Aside from the dearth of tournaments and funds, enjoying types, teaching and surfaces are components too. In early July, journalist Matthew Willis identified that the common top of the ATP top-10 in 2021 was practically 5cm greater than it was in 2011, and correspondingly, the first-serve proportion, service video games gained and aces per match have all gone up. The rise of the ‘massive sport’ gamers like Alexander Zverev, Daniil Medvedev and Berrettini in current instances is thus a part of the norm.

Ramkumar has a mode that mirrors this, albeit with out the safety of a stable backhand. However consistency and ways have been his bane. In 2017, he surprised Dominic Thiem on grass, and in 2018 reached the ATP 250 Corridor of Fame Open last in Newport. However he has had no observe up successes and at 26, hasn’t as a lot as certified for a Main.

Nagal, 24, lacks the peak and that maybe explains why he principally prefers enjoying on clay. Prajnesh’s is a hybrid type, however has struggled to hit by means of the courtroom and end factors off. Yuki, 29, is presented and has career-high rating of 83, however has hardly ever bought by means of a complete season with out harm.

“After I was enjoying, we targeted lots on being aggressive, finding out opponents. However the focus at present appears extra by yourself ball placing,” opines Devvarman. “However quite a lot of the fellows I performed with are nonetheless doing very nicely. Herbert, Gasquet, Querrey, Pospisil, Steve Johnson, Vesely and many others.

“The older gamers examine the sport higher and make much less errors on massive factors. So, there are numerous fundamentals that may nonetheless make you profitable.”

In keeping with India’s Davis Cup coach Zeeshan Ali, the dearth of fine high quality clay courts has affected participant improvement.

“It teaches a participant to be affected person. It teaches you tips on how to work exhausting for a degree. It’s worthwhile to discover ways to hit 10 to 15 photographs at a stretch to win a degree, particularly on the junior stage since you nonetheless shouldn’t have the facility to hit winners from the backcourt. However Indian clay courts are extra like hardcourts with sand!”

“Having stated that, you do not want to be an amazing participant on clay to be within the top-100,” Zeeshan provides. “Tournaments occur on a regular basis concurrently on totally different surfaces. You’ll be able to select what’s finest for you and make it.”

One other side that’s holding gamers again is a tennis-specific health regime and food plan plan from a younger age. However coach Abhimanyu Singh, who has labored with Yuki and Devvarman, feels it’s no rocket science.

“After I work with 16 and 18-year-olds, I see that they’re reluctant to do observe coaching within the low season,” Singh says. “At this time, tennis is about endurance and lengthy rallies. To construct that lasting energy, observe operating is essential.”

“See how Medvedev has improved within the final two to 3 years. Somdev went by means of the on a regular basis grind and he was one of many fittest guys round. It additionally has an impact mentally. If you happen to really feel you possibly can last more, additionally, you will be extra assured about your sport.”

Junior-level worries

The rut on the high has coincided with a complete lack of success on the junior stage, a double whammy. Leander Paes and Yuki, following within the footsteps of Ramanathan Krishnan and Ramesh Krishnan, each gained junior Grand Slam championships. However now, mere participation seems like an achievement.

The 2021 US Open was the third Main on the bounce with out an Indian junior. There isn’t an Indian boy ranked within the top-100 and an Indian lady within the top-200.

“We don’t have sufficient coaches, who can body the youngsters’ video games as soon as they get out of under-12s and under-14s,” says Zeeshan. “I’ve been teaching for near 24 years in the US and Europe. It took me 5 to 6 years to discover ways to coach. There aren’t sufficient coaches out on the courtroom. There are lots of people selling the sport…former gamers, directors. However too few on the courtroom.”

Ankita Raina feels there must be a shift within the mindset too. “Outcomes don’t come in a single day, however Indian mother and father act prefer it’s a life-or-death scenario when their youngsters are in 10th or 12th grade,” the 28-year-old says. “So greater than half the gamers both give up the game or simply play as a leisure exercise.”

“It’s excessive time we recover from it. I’m positive we now have quite a lot of tales the place college students have failed in these grades however excelled in life. Folks don’t perceive that this [tennis] can also be a occupation and also you give 6-Eight hours daily.”

Storm within the Cup

The Davis Cup setback in opposition to Finland is probably the primary signal of the unfavourable internet impact of all of the inadequacies afflicting Indian tennis. Davis Cup now follows a world format – true to its spirit of being the ‘World Cup of Tennis’ – the place nations worldwide are clubbed collectively into one consolidated group, a shift from the sooner period the place international locations have been divided into regional silos till the World Group playoffs.

From 2014 to 2020, India beat its Asia-Oceania opponents and certified for seven straight World Group Playoffs. As soon as there, it misplaced to European and North American opposition each single time.

This September, it performed Finland as early as Group 1 and succumbed. In 2022, it could nicely meet one other European nation, with its very survival in Group I at stake.

“We have to begin constructing a youthful staff, even when meaning shedding for the following three or 4 years,” feels Zeeshan.

“We are able to’t preserve counting on two or three gamers. Prajnesh is 31 and isn’t getting youthful. We’d like a minimum of one or two juniors within the staff and for that we should always begin investing now.”